Cultivation Research & Reference

Cultivation

Healthy Soil and Water Conservation Methodologies

California's Health Soils Initiative

“When we take care of our soil, we take care of ourselves. Return organic material to the soil, and we not only keep it from being wasted in a landfill, we sequester carbon, support our diverse farms and ranches, help retain water, reduce erosion and improve air quality. The Healthy Soils Initiative nurtures one of California's most valuable natural assets.”

John Laird, Secretary,
Natural Resources Agency

NRCS Steps to Healthy Soil

  • Minimize Soil Disturbances
    • Physical, chemical or biological modifications are disturbances
    • Minimize tilling, and use appropriate farm inputs.
  • Proper Crop cycling or using diverse cover crops
  • Keep a living root growing all year, these provide organic biomass to a living soil
  • Keep soil covered reduces weeds and keeps the soil moist.

The Numbers

  • A 1% increase on organic matter in the soil results in as much as 25,000 gallons of available water retained per acre.
  • It takes 4 years on average for a farm to build organic matter in the soil by adopting appropriate conservation methods.
  • 1.2 billion tons of carbon is sequestered by global soils annually.

Harvesting Methodologies

Avoiding spoilage and molds

Fresh biomass needs to be dried to avoid starting natural decomposition.  This is done by drying it back so that it contains 8 to 10% moisture.

Pre-Manufacturing

CBD ladened hemp harvested is prepared for the manufacturing component of this research program and must be in a state where it is no longer vulnerable to spoilage and molds, especially because it may be several weeks before it is further processed.