For states which define hemp (<0.3% THC) as distinct from marijuana, the USA Agriculture Act of 2014 allows departments of agriculture or universities to cultivate hemp as part of a research pilot program.
As of 2017, at least 39 US universities and dozens of researchers have begun studying hemp, yet guidance on top research priorities are lacking.
Hemp has been an important crop throughout human history for food, fiber, and medicine. Despite significant progress made by the international research community, the basic biology of hemp plants remains insufficiently understood. Clear objectives are needed to guide future research. As a semi-domesticated plant, hemp has many desirable traits that require improvement, including eliminating seed shattering, enhancing the quantity and quality of stem fiber, and increasing the accumulation of phytocannabinoids.
The passing of the 2018 Farm Bill and its official enactment by the President on December 20, 2018 is good news for the hemp industry. CHAR expects the California market to move forward. Projections for the US Government to roll our regulations are between 12-18 months.